We think the R and I budget should be closer to 3% for EU to be better placed in competition with Asian countries, USA, etc. Also, it should be more evenly distributed accross members states, perhaps each specializing in certain R and I fields, so that research capacity grows also in countries like Latvia, which are laggards in terms of innovation and patents. The EU should be stricter as regards countries like Latvia that do not meet the 1.5% of GDP, let alone 3% of GDP research and innovation funding (Latvia stands with measly 0.75% of GDP). The EU has instruments to push national governments to align budgetary priorities towards research and innovation; also, in Latvia science is mostly financed through EU funds and a little from Horizon funding, so another leverage for Brussels.