The EU’s initiatives to rebuild Ukraine’s higher education and research sector can play a crucial role in mitigating brain drain. By providing financial support, fostering international collaborations, enhancing digital and physical infrastructure, and promoting governance reforms, these actions can create a more attractive and sustainable academic environment. Ensuring attractive conditions for returnees, strengthening local research ecosystems, and improving the quality of life for academics will help retain talent and encourage those who have left to return, contributing to the long-term resilience and growth of Ukraine’s higher education and research sector.