The European Parliament should play a pivotal role in addressing increasing concerns about research security. Given the critical importance of research and innovation for Europe’s future, the Parliament has both the responsibility and the capacity to ensure that research activities are conducted securely and ethically. Here are several key roles the European Parliament should undertake:(1) Legislative Action: The European Parliament should develop and enact comprehensive legislation that addresses various aspects of research security. This includes laws that protect intellectual property, ensure data privacy, and safeguard against cyber threats. Legislation should also address the ethical dimensions of research, ensuring that it is conducted responsibly and with respect for human rights.(2) Funding and Resources: The Parliament should allocate sufficient funding and resources to support research security initiatives. This includes funding for cybersecurity measures, training programs for researchers, and the development of secure research infrastructures. By providing the necessary resources, the Parliament can help ensure that research institutions are well-equipped to handle security challenges.(3) Oversight and Monitoring: The European Parliament should establish mechanisms for oversight and monitoring of research security practices. This includes setting up independent bodies to audit research institutions, investigate security breaches, and ensure compliance with regulations. Regular reporting and transparency should be mandated to maintain accountability.

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