The brain drain you mentioned, caused by the brutal war in Russia, is unfortunately a fact. It is of crucial importance for the future of Ukraine not only to rebuild houses, hospitals and factories, but also to rebuild the higher education and research sector, both physically, organisationally and socially. To support this, the EU has taken initial measures, including awarding numerous grants and opening a Horizon Europe office in Kiev in 2023. We Greens support these measures and call for further collaboration between the EU and Ukraine in the areas of higher education and research.