Research and innovation are pivotal in furthering European integration by fostering collaboration, addressing shared challenges, and promoting sustainable and equitable development. Not only for addressing common challenges such as climate change, public health crises, energy security, and social inequality, but to make the EU leader in the sector. In this sense, Horizon 2020 and Horizon Europe have been key programs for investing and developing European research and innovation, and through smaller programs like the Partnership of Research and Innovation in the Mediterranean Area (PRIMA) the EU contributes to the agricultural development of the Mediterranean countries, both inside and outside of the EU.