Academic freedom is crucial in modern societies as it drives the advancement of knowledge and technology. It is a basic element for ensuring the progress of science and the health of democracy. Academic freedom must apply to the whole community engaged in research, learning, and teaching, and institutional autonomy shields institutions from political and economic interference ensuring the self-governance of the academic community. It is conceived as an individual freedom and a collective and institutional right and obligation. The importance of protecting academic freedom has been raised, emphasizing the need for a commonly agreed concept and definition. The lack of a shared definition of academic freedom is problematic, leading to difficult monitoring and protection. Croatian SDP plans to ensure the protection of academic freedom by continuing to advocate for the freedom of expression in general as one of the cornerstones of our democracy.