1) Create specific funding programs within Horizon Europe that target Ukrainian institutions, 2) Establish scholarship programs to support Ukrainian students and researchers wishing to study or conduct research in EU countries, 3) Implement programs that allow for greater mobility of researchers between the EU and Ukraine 4) Fund the establishment of innovation and incubation centers within Ukrainian universities to support startups and technological innovations to mitigate brain drain, EU should create a dedicated funding program supporting Ukrainian researchers who have spent several years in Europe to return home